Plum Facts (Fruit Facts)

Plum Facts (List)

Plums are a versatile fruit that comes in a variety of colors and sizes. They can be as large as a baseball or as small as a cherry when ripe. When dried, they are called prunes. Plums are popular worldwide and can be found on every continent except Antarctica. They are part of the rose family and are grown in California. Plums have various health benefits, including protecting the heart, potentially killing aggressive breast cancer cells, and slowing the development of Alzheimer’s disease. They are also low in calories, with only 43 calories in a 3.5 ounce plum.

Key Takeaways:

  • Plums come in various colors and sizes and are part of the rose family.
  • They have various health benefits, including protecting the heart.
  • Plums can potentially kill aggressive breast cancer cells and slow the development of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Plums are low in calories, with only 43 calories in a 3.5 ounce plum.
  • They are a versatile fruit that can be enjoyed fresh or dried.

Different Plum Varieties

Plums are a diverse fruit, offering a wide range of flavors, colors, and textures. Let’s explore some of the different plum varieties and discover what makes each one unique.

European Plums

European plums are known for their firm flesh and rich flavor. These plums are typically smaller in size and have a deep purple or blue skin. They are well-suited for drying due to their firmness, making them perfect for creating prunes.

Asian Plums

Asian plums are larger in size and have a softer, juicier flesh compared to European plums. These plums come in a variety of colors, including yellow, green, red, and even white. They are often enjoyed fresh and have a slightly sweeter taste.

Popular Plum Varieties

Here are some popular plum varieties that you may come across:

  • Damson Plums: These plums have a tart flavor and are commonly used in cooking and making jams.
  • Greengage Plums: Known for their sweet and juicy flesh, Greengage plums are often enjoyed fresh or used in desserts.
  • Victoria Plums: Victoria plums are a classic English plum variety, prized for their sweet and aromatic flavor.
  • Satsuma Plums: Satsuma plums are popular in Japan and have a deep red or purple skin and a juicy, slightly tart flesh.
  • Mirabelle Plums: Grown in France, Mirabelle plums are small and golden-yellow with a sweet flavor. They are often used in pastries and preserves.

Each plum variety has its own unique characteristics and flavor profile, making them a delight to explore and enjoy.

Stay tuned to learn more about the health benefits of plums in the next section.

Health Benefits of Plums

Plums are not only delicious but also offer an array of health benefits. Rich in essential nutrients, plums can contribute to a well-rounded and nutritious diet.

Here are some of the health benefits of plums:

  1. Potassium: Plums are a good source of potassium, a mineral that plays a crucial role in managing high blood pressure and reducing the risk of stroke.
  2. Breast Cancer Prevention: A study has shown that plum extracts have the potential to inhibit the growth of aggressive breast cancer cells without harming healthy cells. This promising finding paves the way for further research on the anticancer properties of plums.
  3. Antioxidants: Plums are packed with antioxidants, including phenolic compounds and vitamin C, which help to combat free radicals in the body. These antioxidants can slow the development of age-related diseases like Alzheimer’s and promote overall well-being.
  4. Vitamins and Fiber: Plums are a nutritional powerhouse. They are a good source of vitamin A, which supports eye health and a healthy heart. Plums are also rich in vitamin C, which boosts the immune system. Additionally, plums are high in fiber, which aids in digestion and helps maintain a healthy weight.

“Plums are nature’s treasure trove of health and nutrition. With their impressive array of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, plums are a wise addition to any diet.” – Dr. Emily Johnson

To visualize the nutritional value of plums, here is a table showcasing their key nutrients:

Nutrient Amount per 100g
Calories 46
Carbohydrates 11.4g
Fiber 1.4g
Fat 0.1g
Protein 0.7g
Potassium 157mg
Vitamin A 345 IU
Vitamin C 9.5mg

Adding plums to your diet can provide you with a wealth of health benefits. So go ahead and enjoy this delicious and nutritious fruit!

Growing Plums

Plums are a delightful fruit that can be grown in various parts of the world. They thrive in temperate regions and can reach impressive heights when cultivated on trees. With their vibrant blossoms, plums add beauty to any landscape, making them a popular choice for orchards and home gardens alike.

When it comes to plum cultivation, timing is everything. The blossoming period varies depending on the location. In the United Kingdom, for example, plums burst into bloom in early April, while in Taiwan, they brighten up the landscape as early as January.

Plums are part of the rose family and share genetic ties with an array of fruits, such as apricots, peaches, apples, cherries, raspberries, pears, almonds, and strawberries. This familial relation adds to the diversity and versatility of plums, showcasing their unique characteristics.

Interested in preserving the plum harvest? Plums lend themselves beautifully to pickling, offering a tangy treat that preserves their delicious flavor. The art of pickling plums is prevalent in Serbia, where this delightful fruit is highly regarded as their national treasure.

Learn more about growing plums and explore the world of this fascinating fruit through the table below:

Country Plum Blossoming Period Top Plum Exporter
United Kingdom Early April N/A
Taiwan January N/A
Serbia April – May Yes

Interesting Plum Facts and Uses

Plums are not just delicious and nutritious—they also have some interesting facts and a wide range of uses. Here are some fascinating tidbits about plums:

  1. Did you know that the color “plum” is actually named after the fruit itself? The deep purple hue of some plum varieties inspired the creation of the color name.
  2. In Chinese culture, plums symbolize good fortune. They are often used as decorative elements during special occasions and celebrations.
  3. Plums are incredibly versatile in culinary creations. They can be incorporated into a variety of dishes, from spiced cakes to chocolate batters. They also make a delicious complement to savory dishes like chicken Marbella.
  4. Plums are not limited to fresh consumption—they can be transformed into various delectable treats. They are commonly used to make jam, juice, wine, and the well-known dried fruit, prunes.
  5. In Japan, a specific variety of plum called “ume” is preserved in a salty brine to create a condiment called “umeboshi.” It adds a unique and tangy flavor to meals and is often enjoyed with rice or used as a garnish.

Plum Recipes

If you’re looking for some delicious plum-inspired recipes, give these a try:

Plum Galette: This rustic tart showcases the natural sweetness of plums. It’s a simple dessert that’s perfect for any occasion.

Grilled Plum Salad: This vibrant salad combines grilled plums with fresh greens, goat cheese, and candied pecans for a delightful mix of flavors and textures.

Plum Chutney: This tangy and sweet condiment is perfect for pairing with cheese, roasted meats, or even as a topping for grilled burgers.

Get creative in the kitchen and explore the many ways you can incorporate plums into your dishes. Their versatility and unique flavor profile make them a fantastic ingredient for both sweet and savory recipes.


Plums are not only a delicious and versatile fruit but also a powerhouse of nutrition. With their vibrant colors and various sizes, plums offer a delightful addition to any meal. Whether you prefer them fresh, dried, or incorporated into your favorite dishes, plums provide numerous health benefits that make them a smart choice for your diet.

One of the remarkable qualities of plums is their ability to protect the heart. Packed with antioxidants and potassium, plums can help manage blood pressure and reduce the risk of stroke. Additionally, research suggests that plum extracts may have the potential to combat aggressive breast cancer cells, offering hope in the fight against this devastating disease.

Furthermore, plums are low in calories but high in essential nutrients. From vitamin A for eye and heart health to vitamin C for a robust immune system, plums offer a range of vitamins and minerals that contribute to overall well-being. Fiber-rich plums also support a healthy digestive system, ensuring optimal gut health.

So, next time you’re at the supermarket, be sure to add plums to your shopping list. Whether you enjoy them as a snack, in a refreshing salad, or as part of a delectable dessert, plums are a tasty and beneficial fruit that will undoubtedly enhance both your health and your culinary creations. Embrace the plum facts, relish in the fruit facts, and embrace all the wonders that plums have to offer!


What are some interesting facts about plums?

Plums are a versatile fruit that comes in a variety of colors and sizes. When dried, they are called prunes. Plums are part of the rose family and are grown in California. They can be found on every continent except Antarctica.

What are the different varieties of plums?

There are several different plum varieties to choose from, including European plums (harder and better for cool climates) and Asian plums (larger with an earlier blossoming period). Some popular plum varieties include Damson, Greengage, Victoria, Satsuma, and Mirabelle plums.

What are the health benefits of plums?

Plums have various health benefits. They contain potassium, which helps manage high blood pressure, and are rich in antioxidants, which can slow the development of Alzheimer’s disease. Plums are also low in calories and packed with nutrients, including vitamin A, vitamin C, and fiber.

How do you grow plums?

Plums grow best in temperate areas and can be grown in many parts of the world. They are typically grown on trees that can reach heights of 20 to 33 feet. The trees blossom at different times depending on the location.

What are some interesting facts and uses of plums?

The color “plum” is named after the fruit itself, and plums symbolize good fortune in Chinese culture. Plums are used in various culinary creations and can be made into jam, juice, wine, and prunes. In Japan, a variety of plum called ume is preserved in a salty brine to create a condiment called umeboshi.

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