Types of Cabbage: Green, Red, Savoy & More

Types of Cabbage – Green, Red, Savoy & More

Cabbage is a versatile and underrated vegetable, with many different types to choose from. Whether you’re a fan of the classic green cabbage, the vibrant red cabbage, or the mild and frilly savoy cabbage, there is a cabbage variety to suit every taste and culinary preference.

Green cabbage, the most common variety, is known for its storage power and affordability. It can be used in a variety of dishes, both raw and cooked. Red cabbage adds a pop of color to dishes and is packed with antioxidants. Savoy cabbage, with its frilly leaves and earthy flavor, is a favorite among many home cooks.

But the variety doesn’t stop there. From the sweeter taste of napa cabbage in East Asian cuisine to the versatile uses of brussels sprouts and kale, there are so many cabbage varieties to explore and experiment with in the kitchen.

Key Takeaways:

  • There are various types of cabbage to choose from, including green, red, savoy, and more.
  • Green cabbage is the most common variety and is known for its storage power and affordability.
  • Red cabbage adds a pop of color to dishes and is packed with antioxidants.
  • Savoy cabbage has frilly leaves and a mild, earthy flavor.
  • Other cabbage varieties like napa cabbage, brussels sprouts, and kale offer unique flavors and uses in the kitchen.

The Benefits of Cabbage

Cabbage is not only delicious, but it is also packed with nutritional benefits. It is a rich source of vitamins C and K, as well as dietary fiber. Cabbage is also low in calories and carbohydrates, making it a great option for those watching their weight or managing diabetes. Additionally, cabbage belongs to the leafy greens family, which are known for their numerous health benefits, such as supporting heart health and boosting the immune system.

Here are some key nutritional benefits of cabbage:

  • Vitamin C: Cabbage is a great source of vitamin C, which is essential for immune function and collagen production.
  • Vitamin K: Cabbage is also high in vitamin K, which plays a crucial role in blood clotting and bone health.
  • Dietary Fiber: Cabbage is a good source of dietary fiber, which aids in digestion and promotes a healthy gut.
  • Low in Calories and Carbohydrates: Cabbage is a low-calorie and low-carb vegetable, making it a great choice for weight management and diabetes control.

By incorporating cabbage into your diet, you can enjoy its delicious flavor while reaping its many health benefits. Whether you choose green cabbage, red cabbage, or savoy cabbage, you’ll be adding a nutritious and versatile vegetable to your meals.

Nutrient Amount per 1 cup (89g)
Calories 22
Protein 1g
Carbohydrates 5g
Fiber 2g
Vitamin C 36% of the Daily Value (DV)
Vitamin K 85% of the DV

Green Cabbage: A Staple in the Kitchen

Green cabbage is the most common and widely available variety, known for its large, dense heads and excellent storage capabilities. Its versatility makes it a staple in the kitchen, as it can be used in a variety of dishes, both raw and cooked. Whether you’re looking to add a crunchy element to your salads or create a comforting cabbage roll, green cabbage has got you covered.

One popular use for green cabbage is in coleslaw, a classic side dish that complements a wide range of meals. Its crisp texture and subtle sweetness work perfectly in this refreshing salad. To make a basic coleslaw, simply shred the green cabbage, add some grated carrots for color, and toss it in a creamy dressing. Customize it with your favorite mix-ins, such as raisins, apples, or even a sprinkle of toasted nuts, to add extra flavor and texture.

Aside from coleslaw, green cabbage can be added to a variety of recipes to enhance their taste and texture. Its sturdy leaves hold up well in one-skillet meals, where it can be sautéed with other vegetables and protein for a quick and filling dish. Alternatively, you can slow-braise green cabbage with onions and garlic for a comforting side dish that pairs well with roasted meats. Its mild flavor allows it to absorb the flavors of the seasonings it’s cooked with, making it a versatile ingredient in many cuisines.

Try these delicious green cabbage recipes:

  • Green cabbage and carrot stir-fry with soy sauce and sesame seeds
  • One-pot unstuffed cabbage rolls with ground beef and rice
  • Grilled green cabbage steaks with lemon and garlic

With its affordability, versatility, and long storage life, green cabbage is a must-have ingredient in every kitchen. Whether you’re using it for a traditional coleslaw or getting creative with new recipes, green cabbage is sure to add a nutritious and flavorful touch to your meals.

Green Cabbage Recipes Preparation Time Cooking Time
Green cabbage and carrot stir-fry 15 minutes 10 minutes
One-pot unstuffed cabbage rolls 20 minutes 1 hour 30 minutes
Grilled green cabbage steaks 10 minutes 15 minutes

Red Cabbage: Vibrant and Versatile

Red cabbage, also known as purple cabbage, is a colorful and versatile ingredient that can add a burst of vibrancy to your dishes. Whether eaten raw in salads or cooked in various recipes, this cabbage variety offers a unique flavor and texture that can elevate any meal.

When it comes to salad recipes, red cabbage truly shines. Its vibrant purple color adds an eye-catching element to any salad bowl. Combine it with other crisp vegetables, such as carrots and bell peppers, for a visually stunning and nutritious salad. The crunchiness of red cabbage pairs well with creamy dressings and tangy vinaigrettes, creating a delightful balance of flavors.

Not limited to salads, red cabbage can also be cooked and used in a variety of cabbage recipes. Whether braised, stir-fried, or added to soups and stews, red cabbage adds both flavor and texture to your dishes. Its natural sweetness and tender leaves make it a fantastic addition to vegetarian and meat-based meals alike. Plus, the anthocyanin pigments present in red cabbage provide powerful antioxidants, making it a nutritious choice.

Table: Cabbage Recipes with Red Cabbage

Recipe Description
Red Cabbage Slaw A refreshing and colorful slaw made with shredded red cabbage, carrots, and a tangy dressing.
Braised Red Cabbage Slow-cooked red cabbage with onions, apples, and spices, resulting in a sweet and savory side dish.
Red Cabbage Stir-Fry A quick and easy stir-fry with red cabbage, bell peppers, and your choice of protein for a wholesome meal.
Red Cabbage and Apple Soup A hearty soup made with red cabbage, apples, and warming spices, perfect for chilly days.

Red cabbage adds a beautiful pop of color to salads and other dishes. Its unique flavor and versatility make it a must-try ingredient in your kitchen. Get creative and explore the many ways you can incorporate red cabbage into your favorite recipes.

Savoy Cabbage: Mild and Frilly

Savoy cabbage is a delightful variety of cabbage, easily recognizable by its dark green, crinkly leaves. Unlike other types of cabbage, Savoy cabbage has a mild and slightly sweet flavor, making it a versatile ingredient in a wide range of dishes. Whether you prefer it cooked or raw, Savoy cabbage brings a unique texture and taste to your meals.

When it comes to cooking with Savoy cabbage, the possibilities are endless. Its tender leaves make it a great addition to soups, stir-fries, and pastas. You can also enjoy it raw in salads, where its frilly leaves add a beautiful touch. Savoy cabbage pairs well with a variety of flavors and ingredients, so don’t be afraid to experiment in the kitchen.

To give you some inspiration, here are a few delicious Savoy cabbage recipes to try:

  1. Savoy Cabbage Rolls with Ground Beef and Rice: This comforting dish combines the hearty flavors of ground beef and rice with the delicate texture of Savoy cabbage leaves.
  2. Asian-Inspired Savoy Cabbage Salad: Toss together shredded Savoy cabbage, sliced bell peppers, carrots, and a zesty sesame dressing for a refreshing and nutritious salad.
  3. Savoy Cabbage Stir-Fry with Ginger and Garlic: Sautéed with aromatic ginger and garlic, this savory stir-fry brings out the natural flavors of Savoy cabbage.

So the next time you’re at the grocery store, don’t overlook the humble Savoy cabbage. With its mild taste and frilly leaves, it’s a wonderful addition to your culinary repertoire. Try out some of these recipes and let your taste buds be delighted by the flavors of Savoy cabbage.

Napa Cabbage: A Taste of East Asia

Napa cabbage, also known as Chinese cabbage, is a unique and flavorful variety that originates from East Asia. With its long oblong-shaped heads, thick white ribs, and tender pale green leaves, napa cabbage is a delight to both the eyes and the taste buds. This cabbage variety offers a sweeter flavor compared to its counterparts, making it a popular choice in many Asian cuisines.

Napa cabbage is incredibly versatile and can be used in a variety of dishes. It shines in traditional Korean kimchi, where it adds a refreshing crispness and a mild tang to the fermented dish. Its tender leaves are also perfect for fresh salads, stir-fries, and even soups. Napa cabbage’s delicate flavor allows it to absorb other flavors well, making it a great addition to a wide range of recipes.

“Napa cabbage brings a unique crunch and sweetness to stir-fries, and its mild flavor pairs beautifully with various sauces and seasonings,” says Chef Li Mei from Mei’s Asian Kitchen.

“I love incorporating napa cabbage into my dishes because it provides a fresh and vibrant element that complements the other ingredients.”

Napa Cabbage Recipe Ideas Preparation Method
Kimchi Fermented
Napa Cabbage Salad Raw
Napa Cabbage Stir-Fry Quick Sauté
Napa Cabbage Soup Boiled

Try this Napa Cabbage Stir-Fry Recipe:

  1. Slice napa cabbage into thin strips.
  2. Heat oil in a wok or skillet over medium-high heat.
  3. Add minced garlic and ginger, and cook until fragrant.
  4. Add sliced napa cabbage and stir-fry for a few minutes until slightly wilted.
  5. Season with soy sauce, sesame oil, and a pinch of sugar for a balance of flavors.
  6. Garnish with sliced green onions and toasted sesame seeds.
  7. Serve hot with steamed rice or noodles.

With its distinct taste and versatility, napa cabbage is a delicious ingredient to explore in your culinary adventures. Whether you’re a fan of Asian cuisine or simply looking to try something new, napa cabbage will add a fresh and vibrant touch to your dishes.

Other Cabbage Varieties to Explore

In addition to the classic cabbage varieties, there are a few other leafy greens that are sometimes referred to as cabbage. Let’s take a closer look at these delicious options:

Brussels Sprouts

While controversial as a true cabbage, Brussels sprouts are closely related and can be prepared in similar ways. These bite-sized vegetables pack a punch of flavor and are known for their firm texture. Brussels sprouts can be roasted, sautéed, or even shaved raw in salads. Their mild bitterness pairs well with sweet and savory ingredients, making them a versatile addition to any dish.


Kale, often known as “leaf cabbage,” comes in a variety of types such as curly kale, Tuscan kale, and baby kale. With its rich green color and hearty leaves, kale has gained popularity as a superfood. It can be enjoyed raw in salads, sautéed as a side dish, or blended into smoothies. Kale is known for its earthy flavor and nutritional benefits, including high levels of vitamins A, C, and K.

Bok Choy

Bok choy, also known as Chinese cabbage, offers a unique combination of tender leaves and crunchy stems. This leafy green vegetable is commonly used in Asian cuisine, particularly in stir-fries and braised dishes. Bok choy’s mild, slightly sweet taste pairs well with a variety of flavors. It can also be enjoyed raw in salads or added to soups for a nutritious boost.

Cabbage Variety Distinct Features Best Cooking Methods
Brussels Sprouts Bite-sized, firm texture Roasting, sautéing, or raw in salads
Kale Rich green color, hearty leaves Raw in salads, sautéing, or blending into smoothies
Bok Choy Tender leaves, crunchy stems Stir-frying, braising, raw in salads, or added to soups

These cabbage varieties offer a range of flavors, textures, and culinary possibilities. Whether you’re looking to add some crunch to your stir-fry or boost the nutritional value of your salads, exploring these cabbage alternatives is sure to elevate your cooking.

How to Store Cabbage

Proper storage is essential for keeping cabbage fresh and crisp. By following these simple tips, you can prolong the shelf life of your cabbage and preserve its flavor and texture for longer.

Storing Whole Cabbage

When storing whole cabbage heads, it’s important to keep them in a cool and humid environment. Place the cabbage in a plastic bag or reusable produce bag and store it in the refrigerator’s crisper drawer. The crisper drawer helps maintain the right level of humidity, preventing the cabbage from drying out.

Avoid Washing and Cutting

It’s best to avoid washing or cutting the cabbage until you are ready to use it. Excess moisture can accelerate spoilage, so keeping it unwashed and intact helps maintain its freshness. Simply remove any loose outer leaves before storing, if necessary.

Storage Durability

Unwashed whole cabbage heads can last for several months in the refrigerator when stored properly. However, once you cut into the cabbage, it’s recommended to use it within two weeks. To store cut cabbage, place it in a sealed bag or airtight container, preferably in the crisper drawer, to maintain its quality.

Storage Method Duration
Whole cabbage (unwashed) Several months
Cut cabbage (stored in a sealed bag/container) Up to two weeks

By following these storage tips, you can enjoy fresh and delicious cabbage for an extended period. Remember to always check the cabbage for any signs of spoilage before consuming it, such as a foul odor or slimy texture. With proper storage, you can make the most of this versatile and nutritious vegetable!

Tips for Cooking with Cabbage

Whether you’re a beginner in the kitchen or a seasoned chef, cooking with cabbage opens up a world of culinary possibilities. From adding a refreshing crunch to salads to creating hearty, comforting dishes, cabbage is a versatile and nutritious ingredient. Here are some tips and cooking methods to help you make the most of this incredible vegetable:

Sautéing or Stir-Frying

One of the quickest and easiest ways to cook cabbage is by sautéing or stir-frying it. This method preserves the vegetable’s natural crunch while adding a touch of caramelization. Simply heat a pan with some oil or butter, and toss in thinly sliced or shredded cabbage. Sauté for a few minutes until the cabbage is slightly wilted but still retains its texture. You can season it with salt, pepper, and your choice of spices or herbs for added flavor.

Roasting or Baking

Roasting or baking cabbage brings out its natural sweetness and creates a caramelized exterior. Cut the cabbage into wedges or thick slices, drizzle with some olive oil, and season with salt, pepper, and any desired herbs or spices. Place the cabbage on a baking sheet and roast in a preheated oven until it becomes tender and slightly browned. This method is perfect for creating crispy cabbage steaks or a delicious side dish.

Braising or Stewing

Cabbage shines when braised or stewed, as it absorbs the flavors of the accompanying ingredients and becomes melt-in-your-mouth tender. For a simple braised cabbage, sauté some onions and garlic in a pot, add the cabbage (sliced or shredded), and pour in a flavorful liquid such as vegetable broth or white wine. Simmer on low heat until the cabbage is soft and infused with the flavors of the broth. This method works well for creating comforting soups, stews, or side dishes.

Table: Cabbage Cooking Methods Comparison

Cooking Method Texture Flavor Preparation Time
Sautéing or Stir-Frying Crunchy Caramelized Quick
Roasting or Baking Crispy Sweet Medium
Braising or Stewing Tender Infused with flavors Long

Remember, cabbage is a versatile ingredient, and you can mix and match these cooking methods to suit your taste preferences and the specific dish you’re preparing. Don’t be afraid to get creative and experiment with different flavors and combinations. Whether you’re making a stir-fry, a roasted side dish, or a comforting stew, cooking with cabbage is sure to elevate your meals with its unique texture and taste.


Cabbage is a versatile and nutritious vegetable that comes in a variety of types and flavors. From the classic green cabbage to the vibrant red cabbage, the mild savoy cabbage, and the unique napa cabbage, each variety offers its own distinct characteristics and culinary possibilities.

Whether you enjoy cabbage raw in salads or slaws, sautéed, roasted, braised, or even grilled, there are countless ways to incorporate this humble vegetable into your meals. Cabbage is not only delicious but also packed with essential vitamins, fiber, and antioxidants, making it a healthy addition to any diet.

So why not explore the world of cabbage? Try different recipes and cooking methods to discover your favorite ways to enjoy this versatile vegetable. Whether you’re looking for a crunchy addition to a stir-fry, a colorful ingredient for a salad, or a hearty component in a soup, cabbage has got you covered.

Embrace the variety and nutritional benefits of cabbage, and let your culinary creativity flourish!


What are the different types of cabbage?

The different types of cabbage include green cabbage, red cabbage, savoy cabbage, napa cabbage, Brussels sprouts, kale, and bok choy.

What are the nutritional benefits of cabbage?

Cabbage is a rich source of vitamins C and K, as well as dietary fiber. It is low in calories and carbohydrates and belongs to the leafy greens family, which have numerous health benefits.

How can I use green cabbage in my cooking?

Green cabbage can be used in a variety of dishes, both raw and cooked. It is a common ingredient in coleslaw and pairs well with sharp and pungent flavors like mustard and garlic.

How can I incorporate red cabbage into my recipes?

Red cabbage adds a pop of color to salads and can be cooked in soups and stews, where it lends a lovely purple hue to the dish.

How does savoy cabbage differ from other cabbage varieties?

Savoy cabbage has frilly leaves and a mild, earthy flavor. It can be used in both cooked and raw preparations and is often used in soups, pastas, and stir-fries.

What is napa cabbage commonly used for?

Napa cabbage, also known as Chinese cabbage, is commonly used in East Asian cuisines. It is often used in dishes like kimchi, salads, and stir-fries.

Are brussels sprouts considered a type of cabbage?

While controversial as a true cabbage, brussels sprouts are closely related and can be prepared in similar ways.

Can kale be considered a type of cabbage?

Kale, often known as “leaf cabbage,” offers a range of varieties and can be used in salads, soups, and more.

What is bok choy commonly used for?

Bok choy, also known as Chinese cabbage, has tender leaves and crunchy stems, perfect for stir-fries and braising.

How should I store cabbage?

Cabbage should be stored whole in a plastic bag or reusable produce bag in the refrigerator. Avoid washing or cutting cabbage until you are ready to use it.

What are some tips for cooking with cabbage?

Cabbage can be eaten raw in salads or slaws, sautéed, roasted, braised, or grilled. The cooking method depends on the desired texture and flavor.

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