Types of Green Beans

9+ Types of Green Beans – Snap, String, Wax, Haricot & More

Green beans, also known as snap beans, string beans, or wax beans, are a versatile legume that can be cooked within their pods. They differ from other beans like black beans and pinto beans, which are harvested from their pods. There are several types of green beans available, including fava beans, string beans, wax beans, Holland flat beans, French beans (haricot verts), sea beans, Chinese long beans, Romano beans, and cranberry beans. Each variety has its own distinct taste and uses in cooking.

Key Takeaways:

  • Green beans come in various types and varieties, each with its own unique taste and culinary uses.
  • Some popular types of green beans include snap beans, string beans, wax beans, haricot verts, sea beans, and Romano beans.
  • Green beans can be cooked using different techniques such as blanching, roasting, grilling, boiling, steaming, braising, sauteing, stir-frying, and deep frying.
  • They are a nutritious addition to any diet, providing vitamins, fiber, protein, and complex carbohydrates.
  • In addition to green beans, there are other types of beans like black beans, pinto beans, lima beans, kidney beans, chickpeas, and lentils that offer their own unique flavors and culinary uses.

Spring Varieties of Green Beans

In the spring, green beans come in a variety of delicious options. Two popular varieties during this season are fava beans and string beans.

Fava beans are large and flat with a unique buttery and nutty taste. Their creamy texture makes them a perfect addition to recipes that call for a rich flavor. On the other hand, string beans, also known as traditional grocery store green beans, have a slightly bitter taste and fibrous strings running down the length of the pod. They are versatile and can be used in a variety of dishes like salads, stir-fries, and casseroles.

Here is a table showcasing the characteristics of these spring green bean varieties:

Variety Taste Texture Popular Uses
Fava Beans Buttery and nutty Creamy Rich-flavored recipes
String Beans Slightly bitter Crunchy Salads, stir-fries, casseroles

As you can see, both fava beans and string beans offer unique flavors and textures that can elevate your springtime meals. Whether you’re looking for a creamy addition or a crunchy bite, these green bean varieties have you covered.

Spring – Fall Varieties of Green Beans

During the spring and fall seasons, there are several delightful varieties of green beans to enjoy. Whether you’re looking for a vibrant addition to a salad or a crisp and flavorful side dish, these green beans offer a range of tastes and textures to satisfy your culinary desires.

Fresh and Crisp: Wax Yellow Beans

One of the standout varieties of green beans during the spring and fall is the wax yellow bean. These beans resemble traditional green string beans but have a beautiful yellow color and a satisfyingly crisp texture. When cooked, they retain their vibrant hue and add a burst of sunshine to any dish.

Purple Beauty: Purple Wax Beans

If you’re looking to add a pop of color to your plate, the purple wax bean is an excellent choice. These beans are similar to green or wax beans but boast a stunning purple hue. However, the color fades slightly when cooked. With their striking appearance and delicate flavor, purple wax beans are sure to impress your guests.

Aromatic and Flavorful: Holland Flat Beans and French Beans

Holland flat beans and French beans, also known as haricot verts, add a unique twist to any meal. Holland flat beans have a stronger vegetal flavor and a sweet, crisp flesh. French beans, on the other hand, are smaller and more tender than traditional green beans. These varieties are perfect for quick cooking methods like blanching or sautéing, allowing their distinct aromas and flavors to shine through.

Variety Appearance Texture Flavor
Wax Yellow Beans Yellow Crisp Mildly sweet
Purple Wax Beans Purple Tender Delicate
Holland Flat Beans Green Crisp Vegetal, sweet
French Beans (Haricot Verts) Green Tender Aromatic, delicate

Spring-Summer Varieties of Green Beans

In the spring and summer, a new selection of green bean varieties becomes available, offering a range of flavors and textures to explore in your cooking. These varieties include sea beans, Chinese long beans, and Romano beans, each with its own unique characteristics.

Sea Beans

Sea beans are a delightful addition to any dish. With a salty, briny flavor when fresh, they bring a taste of the ocean to your plate. When cooked, sea beans develop mild nuances, making them versatile for a variety of recipes.

Chinese Long Beans

Chinese long beans offer a distinct beanie taste that pairs well with brief steaming, stir-frying, or braising. Their long and slender shape adds an elegant touch to any dish, and their flavor brings a touch of exoticism to your cooking.

Romano Beans

Romano beans are a favorite among green bean enthusiasts. They have a satisfying crunch when raw and a delicate, sweeter flavor when cooked. Romano beans can withstand longer cooking times compared to other green beans, making them perfect for slow-cooked dishes.

These spring-summer varieties of green beans provide a wonderful opportunity to experiment with different flavors and cooking methods. Whether you’re looking for a taste of the ocean with sea beans, exploring the world of Chinese cuisine with long beans, or enjoying the hearty texture of Romano beans, there’s a green bean variety to suit every palate.

Variety Flavor Best Cooking Methods
Sea Beans Salty, briny (fresh), mild nuances (cooked) Boiling, steaming, sauteing
Chinese Long Beans Distinct beanie taste Brief steaming, stir-frying, braising
Romano Beans Delicate, sweeter flavor Boiling, slow-cooking

Summer – Fall Varieties of Green Beans

During the summer and fall, one popular variety of green beans is the cranberry bean. These beans have a light beige-pink color with speckles of red-brown, offering a visually appealing addition to any dish. Cranberry beans have a hint of nutty sweetness and a creamy texture, making them a versatile and easy-to-use option. They can be enjoyed hot or cold, at room temperature, and in salads.

When it comes to cooking cranberry beans, their creamy texture makes them perfect for soups, stews, and casseroles. They can also be cooked and added to grain-based salads for a hearty and nutritious meal. Cranberry beans complement a variety of flavors and ingredients, such as garlic, onions, herbs, tomatoes, and leafy greens. Their mild taste allows them to blend well with other ingredients, enhancing the overall flavor profile of a dish.

To showcase the versatility of cranberry beans, here is a simple recipe for a cranberry bean salad:


  • 2 cups cooked cranberry beans
  • 1 cup diced tomatoes
  • 1/2 cup diced red onions
  • 1/4 cup chopped fresh parsley
  • 2 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
  • 1 tablespoon red wine vinegar
  • Salt and pepper to taste


  1. In a large bowl, combine the cooked cranberry beans, diced tomatoes, diced red onions, and chopped fresh parsley.
  2. In a separate small bowl, whisk together the extra-virgin olive oil, red wine vinegar, salt, and pepper.
  3. Pour the dressing over the bean mixture and toss gently to combine.
  4. Allow the salad to marinate in the refrigerator for at least 30 minutes before serving.
  5. Adjust seasonings as needed and serve chilled.

This refreshing cranberry bean salad is packed with flavors and textures, making it a perfect side dish for summer picnics or a light lunch option. The combination of the creamy cranberry beans, juicy tomatoes, and tangy dressing creates a harmonious blend of tastes. Enjoy the salad as is or pair it with grilled chicken or fresh greens for a complete meal.

With their unique qualities and versatility, cranberry beans are a delightful addition to any summer-fall menu. Whether they are added to salads, soups, or casseroles, these beans bring a delicious and nutritious element to your culinary creations.

Cooking Techniques for Green Beans

Green beans are a versatile vegetable that can be cooked using various techniques to bring out their unique flavors and textures. Here are some popular cooking methods to help you prepare delicious green bean dishes:


Blanching is a simple and effective technique for cooking green beans. Start by bringing a pot of water to a boil and add a pinch of salt. Drop the green beans into the boiling water and cook for 2-3 minutes until they become bright green and slightly tender. Immediately transfer the blanched green beans to a bowl of ice water to stop the cooking process. This technique helps retain their vibrant color and crisp texture.


Roasting green beans is a great way to bring out their natural sweetness. Preheat your oven to 425°F (220°C) and spread the green beans on a baking sheet. Drizzle them with olive oil, sprinkle with salt and pepper, and toss to coat evenly. Roast in the oven for 15-20 minutes, or until they become slightly browned and crispy. The high heat intensifies their flavors, resulting in a delicious side dish or snack.


Sauteing is a quick and easy technique that gives green beans a tender yet crisp texture. Heat a tablespoon of olive oil or butter in a skillet over medium heat. Add the green beans and season with salt, pepper, and any desired herbs or spices. Cook, stirring frequently, for 5-7 minutes until the beans are tender but still have a slight crunch. Sauteed green beans make a great addition to stir-fries, pasta dishes, or as a simple side dish.


Steaming is a gentle cooking method that helps preserve the natural flavors and nutrients of green beans. Fill a pot with an inch of water and bring it to a simmer. Place the green beans in a steamer basket or a colander lined with cheesecloth, and then place it over the pot. Cover the pot and steam for 5-7 minutes, or until the beans are tender. Steamed green beans retain their vibrant color and have a delicate, slightly crisp texture.

Experiment with these cooking techniques to find your favorite way to enjoy green beans. Whether you prefer them blanched, roasted, sauteed, or steamed, green beans are a versatile and delicious vegetable that can elevate any meal.

Technique Description
Blanching Cooking green beans in boiling water briefly, then immediately chilling them in ice water to retain their color and texture.
Roasting Cooking green beans in a hot oven until they become slightly browned and crispy, intensifying their flavors.
Sauteing Cooking green beans in a skillet with oil or butter over medium heat until they become tender with a slight crunch.
Steaming Cooking green beans by placing them in a steamer basket or colander over simmering water until they become tender and retain their vibrant color.

The Versatility of Green Beans

Green beans are not only delicious and nutritious, but they are also incredibly versatile in the kitchen. Whether you’re looking for a quick and easy side dish or want to add some vibrant color and crunch to your salads, green beans can do it all. Their mild flavor makes them the perfect canvas for a variety of seasonings and ingredients, allowing you to create a wide range of dishes to suit your taste preferences.

One of the simplest ways to enjoy the versatility of green beans is in a salad. Add blanched green beans to a bowl of mixed greens, cherry tomatoes, and sliced cucumbers for a refreshing and vibrant salad. You can also create a hearty green bean salad by tossing them with roasted potatoes, red onions, and a tangy vinaigrette dressing. The crunch and vibrant color of green beans will elevate any salad to the next level.

For a more comforting and satisfying dish, green beans can be cooked Southern or Northern style. Southern-style green beans are often simmered with ham, salt pork, or bacon, resulting in a rich and flavorful dish. On the other hand, Northern-style green beans can be cooked with various sauces or toppings like browned butter, lemon zest, garlic, or cherry tomatoes. The versatility of green beans allows you to experiment with different flavors and find your favorite combination.

Dish Ingredients Preparation
Green Bean Salad Blanched green beans, mixed greens, cherry tomatoes, cucumbers, vinaigrette dressing Toss all ingredients together and serve
Southern-Style Green Beans Green beans, ham, salt pork or bacon, onions, garlic Sauté the ham, salt pork or bacon, onions, and garlic. Add the green beans and simmer until tender
Northern-Style Green Beans Green beans, butter, lemon zest, garlic, cherry tomatoes Sauté the garlic in butter, add the green beans and cook until tender. Toss with lemon zest and cherry tomatoes before serving

Green beans also pair well with a variety of other ingredients. You can combine them with pork, onions, dill, rosemary, almonds, butter, vinegar, citrus, corn, potatoes, tomatoes, yellow squash, and dried fruits. Whether you’re stir-frying green beans with sliced pork and a tangy sauce or sautéing them with butter and garlic as a side dish, the possibilities are endless.

So next time you’re looking for a versatile and nutritious ingredient to elevate your meals, don’t forget about green beans. Let your culinary creativity flow and explore the many delicious ways to enjoy the versatility of green beans.

Growing and Preserving Green Beans

Green beans are not only delicious to eat, but they can also be a rewarding crop to grow in your own garden. Whether you have a backyard plot or a small balcony, you can easily cultivate green beans and enjoy a bountiful harvest. There are two main types of green beans to choose from: bush beans and pole beans. Bush beans are compact plants that don’t require support and are perfect for smaller spaces. Pole beans, on the other hand, are climbing plants that need trellises or poles to grow on. They take up less space horizontally but require vertical support.

When planting green beans, choose a sunny spot with well-drained soil. Plant the seeds about 1 to 2 inches deep and water regularly to keep the soil moist. Green beans are fast-growing and typically ready for harvest within 50 to 60 days. Once the beans are mature, pick them regularly to encourage continuous production. Harvest them when they are firm and snap easily. The more you harvest, the more beans the plant will produce. To preserve green beans for later use, you can can them, pickle them, freeze them, or dry them. Canned green beans are readily available in stores, but making your own allows you to control the ingredients and flavors. Pickled green beans add tangy and crunchy goodness to salads or can be enjoyed as a snack. Freezing green beans is a convenient way to preserve their freshness and nutritional value. Simply blanch them in boiling water for a few minutes, then plunge them into ice water to stop the cooking process. Once cooled, package them in freezer-safe containers or bags and freeze for up to a year. Drying green beans allows you to enjoy them throughout the year in soups, stews, and casseroles. Hang the beans in a dry, well-ventilated area until they are completely dry and brittle. Store them in airtight containers in a cool, dark place.

Overall, growing and preserving green beans is a satisfying and practical way to enjoy this versatile vegetable all year round. Whether you’re a beginner gardener or an experienced one, green beans are a great addition to any home garden. With a little bit of care and attention, you can savor the flavors of freshly picked green beans long after the growing season is over.

Health Benefits of Green Beans

Green beans are not only a tasty addition to your meals, but they also offer numerous health benefits. Packed with essential nutrients, they can contribute to your overall well-being. Here are some of the health benefits of green beans:

1. Rich in Vitamins and Minerals

Green beans are a good source of several vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, vitamin A, and vitamin K. Vitamin C is known for its antioxidant properties, which can help boost your immune system and protect against cell damage. Vitamin A is essential for healthy vision, while vitamin K plays a crucial role in blood clotting. These vitamins, combined with other beneficial nutrients present in green beans, make them a great addition to a balanced diet.

2. High in Fiber

Fiber is an essential nutrient for maintaining a healthy digestive system. Green beans are rich in dietary fiber, which aids in digestion and promotes regular bowel movements. Consuming an adequate amount of fiber can also help lower cholesterol levels and regulate blood sugar levels. Additionally, the fiber in green beans can contribute to a feeling of fullness, making them a satisfying and nutritious choice for weight management.

3. Supports Bone Health

Green beans contain important minerals like calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus, which are vital for maintaining strong and healthy bones. These minerals help in the formation and maintenance of bone tissue, reducing the risk of osteoporosis and age-related bone loss. Including green beans in your diet can provide these essential nutrients and support overall bone health.

Overall, green beans offer a range of health benefits, from providing essential vitamins and minerals to supporting digestion and bone health. Incorporating them into your meals can add both flavor and nutrition to your diet. So go ahead and enjoy the many advantages that green beans have to offer!

Other Types of Beans

While green beans offer a wide range of flavors and culinary uses, there are also other types of beans worth exploring. Here are some popular varieties:

  • Black beans: These beans have a rich, earthy flavor and a smooth, creamy texture. They are commonly used in Latin American cuisine and are delicious in dishes like black bean soup or as a filling for tacos.
  • Pinto beans: Pinto beans have a mild, nutty flavor and a creamy texture. They are a staple in Mexican cuisine and are often used in dishes like refried beans or chili.
  • Lima beans: Also known as butter beans, lima beans have a buttery texture and a subtle, nutty flavor. They are a versatile bean that can be enjoyed in soups, stews, or as a side dish.
  • Kidney beans: Kidney beans are large, kidney-shaped beans with a robust, meaty flavor. They are commonly used in chili, salads, and bean dishes.
  • Chickpeas: Chickpeas, also known as garbanzo beans, have a slightly nutty taste and a firm, creamy texture. They are often used in Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cuisine, such as in hummus or falafel.
  • Lentils: Lentils come in various colors, including green, brown, and red. They have a mild, earthy flavor and a firm texture. Lentils are versatile and can be used in soups, salads, or as a meat substitute in vegetarian dishes.

Each type of bean brings its own unique flavor and texture to dishes, providing a variety of options for cooking and experimentation. Whether you’re looking for a hearty addition to a stew or a protein-packed ingredient for a meatless meal, these beans offer a wealth of culinary possibilities.

Comparison Table: Different Types of Beans

Bean Variety Flavor Texture Common Uses
Black Beans Rich, earthy Creamy Tacos, soups, salads
Pinto Beans Mild, nutty Creamy Refried beans, chili
Lima Beans Buttery, nutty Buttery Soups, stews, side dishes
Kidney Beans Robust, meaty Firm Chili, salads, bean dishes
Chickpeas Slightly nutty Firm, creamy Hummus, falafel, salads
Lentils Mild, earthy Firm Soups, salads, vegetarian dishes

“Exploring the world of beans opens up a world of flavors and culinary possibilities. From the rich and earthy taste of black beans to the nutty creaminess of chickpeas, each bean variety brings its own unique character to dishes. Get creative and experiment with these beans to discover new favorites in your kitchen!”

So, whether you’re looking to add protein and fiber to your meals or simply want to venture beyond green beans, these other types of beans are a fantastic option. With an array of flavors, textures, and culinary uses, they offer endless opportunities to explore and enjoy.


Green beans are a wonderful addition to any kitchen, offering a wide range of types and varieties to suit every taste. Whether you prefer the classic snap beans or enjoy exploring exotic options like wax beans and haricot verts, there is a green bean for everyone.

These versatile legumes can be cooked using various techniques, such as boiling, steaming, roasting, and sauteing, allowing you to experiment with different flavors and textures. They can be enjoyed in salads, casseroles, or as a side dish to complement your favorite protein.

Not only are green beans delicious, but they also offer numerous health benefits. Packed with vitamins, fiber, and protein, they support bone health, boost the immune system, and promote heart health. They are also a great addition to any weight-loss or diabetic-friendly diet due to their low calorie and low glycemic index.

So why not explore the world of green beans and discover new flavors and recipes to enjoy? With their wide variety of types and culinary uses, green beans are sure to become a staple in your kitchen. Whether you’re a seasoned cook or just starting your culinary journey, green beans are a versatile and nutritious ingredient that will elevate any meal.


What are the different types of green beans?

The different types of green beans include snap beans, string beans, wax beans, Holland flat beans, French beans (haricot verts), sea beans, Chinese long beans, Romano beans, and cranberry beans.

What are some spring varieties of green beans?

Some spring varieties of green beans include fava beans and string beans.

What are some spring-fall varieties of green beans?

Some spring-fall varieties of green beans include wax yellow beans, purple wax beans, Holland flat beans, and French beans (haricot verts).

What are some spring-summer varieties of green beans?

Some spring-summer varieties of green beans include sea beans, Chinese long beans, and Romano beans.

What are some summer-fall varieties of green beans?

The summer-fall variety of green beans includes cranberry beans.

What are some cooking techniques for green beans?

Green beans can be blanched, roasted, grilled, boiled, steamed, braised, sauteed, stir-fried, or deep-fried.

How can green beans be used in cooking?

Green beans can be enjoyed raw in salads, blanched for pasta salads, cooked with ham or bacon, paired with various sauces or toppings, added to casseroles, or paired with other ingredients like pork, onions, dill, rosemary, almonds, vinegar, and more.

How can green beans be grown and preserved?

Green beans can be grown as bush beans or pole beans and can be preserved through canning, pickling, freezing, or drying.

What are the health benefits of green beans?

Green beans are a good source of vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin K, fiber, protein, and complex carbohydrates. They support bone health, boost the immune system, improve digestion, lower cholesterol, regulate blood sugar levels, and support heart health.

What are other types of beans to explore?

Other types of beans include shelling beans like black beans and pinto beans, as well as lima beans, kidney beans, chickpeas, and lentils.

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